15 May A healthy lifestyle helps reduce the risk of dementia
New World Health Organization Guidelines recommend specific interventions for reducing the risk of cognitive decline and dementia
The WHO Guidelines on risk reduction of cognitive decline and dementia provide evidence-based recommendations on lifestyle behaviours and interventions to delay or prevent cognitive decline and dementia. Worldwide, around 50 million people have dementia and, with one new case every three seconds, the number of people with dementia is set to triple by 2050.
In the guidelines, the WHO stresses that dementia is not a natural and inevitable part of aging, but rather the development of the disease has been associated with several modifiable risk factors. The organization came up with a number of interventions, rated as strong or conditional, that might be recommended to a patient to try and prevent the development of dementia.
Among the strongest recommendations are increased physical activity and quitting smoking. Many of the other recommendations, such as cognitive training, reducing alcohol consumption, and maintaining a health weight, are classified as conditional, meaning they may be useful for some.